In building any structure, the safety of people who are working on it and those who will be staying within its premises in the future are top priorities of successful builders. For a structure to have a strong foundation, along with walls that stand tall and roofs that are secure, it must be well-built and wind-resistant. Hence, the importance of calculating wind load is essential, more so if the building will be positioned in a place predominant with extreme weather conditions. Its resistance to wind force makes certain that any structure will be able to withstand persistent and unpredictable winds. A wind load calculator will give you quite a good perspective of what your building can endure, otherwise, if you do not have any idea then it can collapse and drag all your efforts down with it. With a proper systematic approach and in-depth analysis of wind loading, the building process is made complete, ensuring a safe and sound place that provides utmost security to all people who enter it.
What is wind load and how do you calculate it?
Wind load is the force put on a structure which is sourced from the wind’s impact or pressure. It can be static or horizontal force and dynamic or vertical force generating oscillatory movements and torsional divergence. There are various types of wind load forces including:
- Lateral Load – horizontal pressure of pushing and pulling that causes a building to budge away from its foundation and overturn
- Shear Load – horizontal wind pressure that causes wall racking and tilting of a structure
- Uplift Load – Wind pressure which can produce strong, lifting effects such as rip off roofs
Wind load calculations are made in pounds per square foot, depending on the angle which the wind strikes and the shape of the building. It is critical to make a structure substantially less susceptible to damage since high winds can be extensively destructive, and broken windows and doors can bring building contents to ruin as well and make it even worse. That’s why many people use a wind load calculator when calculating wind load. There are various calculators available online for you to utilize which produce accurate results with a formula that consists of different factors. The components would be wind velocity which varies based on distances or structural height from the ground, value of wind pressures, drag coefficient or the pressure and object is subject to. Altogether, the general formula area x wind pressure x drag coefficient arrives to the wind load of force.
Please bear in mind that this is just a brief overview of wind load. For more detailed information about wind load click here.